BMUN '18 Theme:

Blurred lines of Sovereignty

Sample Position Paper

Name of the country: Portugal

Name of the committee: United Nations General Assembly: Committee-I (Disarmament and Security)

Agenda: Preventing Acquisition of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) by Terrorist Organisations 
Today, we have gathered in this formal committee not only to discuss the cowardice attitudes of those who procure weapons for mass killing and shameless acts of terrorism, but our purpose will only be fulfilled when we stitch clothes of wisdom for those who have lost their loved ones, and will act as a soothing balm for them in the times of adversity and will give them the courage to fight these anti human relentless activities. Hence, the people of Portugal would like to open by saying that our position on terrorism is absolutely clear-cut and not negotiable. As we said to general assembly in December 2007, “Terrorism is criminal and unjustifiable in any circumstances.” A weapon of mass destruction (WMDs) proliferation currently represents one of the greatest threats to international security. The nation of Portugal has been against the weapons of mass destruction and its proliferation and has always attempted at eliminating the WMDs at the global level.

Disarmament and non-proliferation remain indispensable tools to help create a security environment favourable to ensuring human development, as enshrined in the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations. One of the main purpose of the United Nations is “to maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace” (Article-1; UN Charter). The objective of the UNs Security Council’s Resolution 1540 (2004) is to prevent individuals and organisations, especially terrorist groups from laying their hands on and spreading nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and the means of their delivery.

At national level, we are reviewing our policies, with a view to establishing what further measures may be necessary. At European level, Portugal has contributed to establish effective policies within the European Union to prevent WMD proliferation, and will continue to do so. At international Level Portugal is party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), as well as the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), and the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BTWC). Portugal has adopted an Additional Protocol to its IAEA Safeguards Agreement.

Due to the inherent destructive nature of the WMDs, Portugal believes that it is essential to take the necessary measures to prevent terrorist organisations from acquiring these in order to save a fairly large amount of people from the threat of a WMD terrorist attack. Portugal fervently supports measures to assist Weapons of Mass Destruction Branch of the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs in its attempts to prevent terrorist organisations from catching hold of these weapons. Portugal is a signatory to Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof (Seabed Treaty) and The Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) Agreement, that the USA and the United Nations has agreed to stating that a group of states may establish a treaty to ban to usage, development and deployment of nuclear weapons in given areas.

Portugal mainly possesses small and light arms and as such no large resource of WMDs. Portugal believes in global peace and we see these as a speed-breaker in the long road to the same. With the aim of promoting cooperation and interaction between several national bodies involved in counter-proliferation, a program has been developed; the programme’s objectives are: to support control of export and technology transfers, to detect underground procurement networks and to fight nuclear and radioactive smuggling. Portugal is an active member of the multilateral export control regimes, namely of the Nuclear Supplier ’s Group, the Australia Group, the Missile Technology Control Regime, the Zangeer Committee and the Wassenaar Arrangement. In addition to national export control lists, control lists developed under those regimes are also applied by the Portuguese export control system. It is Portugal’s policy to encourage non-member states of the export control regimes to adhere to regime guidelines on export controls.

The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction by non-state actors poses a unique threat to the international community because of the very nature of their desire for such weapons. Furthermore, globalization has made it easier than ever before for non-state actors to acquire weapons of mass destruction often through untraceable means. Portugal does not provide any form of support to non-state actors that attempt to develop, acquire, manufacture, possess, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery. We seek the full implementation of Security Council Resolution 1373 and we encourage the sharing of intelligence regarding terrorist groups and their activities. Portugal applies the rules on non-proliferation, export controls and border security as established in the framework of the relevant international treaties and regimes.

Portugal is participating, from its inception, in the Proliferation Security Initiative, launched in May 2003. Its objective is the interdiction/interception of trafficking of WMD and related material. The PSI principles are explicitly based on the 1992 UN Security Council Declaration on proliferation of WMD and are consistent with national legislation and relevant international law and frameworks, including the UN. The Nation of Portugal also strictly opposes the use of nuclear, chemical and bio- weapons from the international to the local level and the same is reflected in its policies. Portugal thoroughly believes that it is essential to prevent terrorist organisations from acquiring WMDs and that it is only global cooperation and initiative that can put an end to the threat posed by the same